Khartoum Sudan History
On 26 February 2003, the Darfur Liberation Front (DLF), originally founded as a branch of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLF), attacked the Sudanese capital Khartoum and its military base in the city of Omdurman. British and Egyptian troops invaded Sudan in 1898 and defeated the South Sudanese in 1898 at the Battle of Omdur and again in 1898-1899. After various conflicts within Sudan (including the Anglo-Egyptian conquest of Sudan itself in 1998), the Sultanate of Darfur remained independent until it was finally subjugated by the British in 1916 and became part of Western Sudan.
After being threatened by Sudanese rebels led by Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, Gordon returned to Sudan to evacuate them.
After returning to England in the 1880s, he seemed to have left behind an Egyptian garrison that had better control of the province in Sudan. In 1899, Khartoum became the capital of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and became the administrative centre of all the Egyptian provinces of Sudan, although it was given the name Omdurman on the opposite side of the river bank, which it has retained as its capital ever since. Initially considered part of an Ottoman empire, the independence claimed by Muhammad Ali meant that Sudan became what it was in ancient times: an independent state.
The founding of South Sudan as an independent nation also meant that Sudan itself was no longer part of the Ottoman Empire, but a separate state with its own language, culture and history.
When colonialism ended, Sudan kept its borders unwieldy, even after declaring independence in 1956. When the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed, ending Sudan's civil war and paving the way for independence for South Sudan, most internally displaced people lived in the shantytowns of Khartoum. Since the mid-1980s, more than half of the 1.5 million internally displaced people have settled or been resettled in Sudan.
In the mid-1980s, refugees from South Sudan and Darfur who had fled the civil war in their home countries settled in Khartoum.
Here is a map of the North African country bordering the Red Sea and seven countries, including Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, South Sudan and Ethiopia. The country has a population of about 2.5 million people and a land area of 1.3 million square kilometers. Sudan also faces a number of challenges, including the conflict with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and the civil war in Darfur.
Sudan Airways is a national airline with links to the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, as well as other international organisations.
The main tarred road leads from Khartoum to Wad Medani in the south and from there to Al-Fashir, which is currently somewhat dangerous to use. In the south-east is KhARTOUm itself, but south of it the road also leads to El-Obeid, which then leads west to the Chadian border with Darfur and then east to Ismaili, where it is connected to the main road into Sudan.
The Blue Nile starts at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and flows south through Sudan, from Khartoum to Bahri and then flows north to the White Nile, which is longer and runs through Central Africa. Sudan has agriculture and livestock, but the Nile flows into the north - east of the country - into the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, where it flows into Egypt.
Together they form the political, economic and administrative centres of Sudan. Khartoum, divided by the two rivers Nile and Nile, has an estimated population of five million. It consists of two large cities, Omdurman in the east and Khartoum in the true sense, and is connected to the north by a bridge with OMDurmen in the west and a number of smaller towns and villages.
Kartoum (lkhrTwm al-Khartoum), located on the banks of the Nile in the north-west of Sudan, about 30 km south-east of Omdurman, is the capital of Sudan and the state of KhARTOUm. The White Nile flows from Lake Victoria in Uganda to the north and the Blue Nile from Ethiopia to the west. In the Sudanese capital Khartoum, the White and Blue Nile meet; they merge into the "Nile," which flows in Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. Kharta as the capital lies at the confluence of these two rivers, where they connect and flow into Egypt in the north and the Mediterranean in the south. It is located at a distance of about 2,000 km from the junction of the white and blue Nile, where both flow into the Egyptian Mediterranean to the north and the Atlantic to the south.
Kartoum, the capital of the modern state of Sudan, is located in the north - west of Africa, about 30 km south - east of Omdurman. The African megacity, which is growing very fast in a dry region, and the conurbation of Khartoum (O mdurmen or Greater KhARTOUM) are the largest urban areas in Sudan with a population of about 1.5 million people. The region, as it is called in modern times and has its influence on history, is influenced by Egypt, but also by other influences such as Ethiopia, Sudan and Ethiopia.