Khartoum Sudan Events
The people of South Sudan are waiting for the end of a year-long conflict that has claimed at least two million lives. Security forces were deployed to Sudan, which has become something of a pariah country under Bashir's rule, for the biggest international event of the year.
Only a few weeks ago, the resistance committee in Nyala began to set up camps to educate the youth for peaceful demonstrations. Twenty thousand people protested in the city, demanding an end to the war and a peaceful transition of power for the people of Darfur and South Sudan. The African Union (AU) and Ethiopia supported it while pushing for a democratic transition in Sudan, and demonstrations spread to at least 28 cities, including Khartoum, Juba, Kordofan, Nairobi, Dau, Dar es Salaam, Goma and Darfara.
We stand ready to help Sudan take responsibility for the atrocities and crimes committed in Darfur. The Juba Peace Agreement provides for an independent investigation into the crimes of the Sudanese National Liberation Front (SLF) and it is possible to prosecute other suspected Darfara suspects at national level.
Comprehensive peace agreement, a referendum to decide whether South Sudan remains part of Sudan or secedes and gains independence. The UN Security Council must unequivocally stop the illegal occupation of Darfur by the Sudanese National Liberation Front (SLF). The Secretary-General has also called on the government in Sudan to accept a United Nations peacekeeping mission in Darfara, arguing that failure could jeopardise peace in South Sudan. One of our priorities is non-negotiable for the people of Darfur who are currently living outside Sudan.
Ugandan officials have said their government will consider granting al-Bashir asylum if he relinquishes his role as a mediator in a peace deal with neighboring South Sudan. Sudan expert Horner said that since the long-running conflict with the Sudan National Liberation Front (SLF) is based on payments and patronage, the new government should be careful to share power and decentralize the government.
The genocide in Darfur and its consequences, which continue to this day, could be given renewed attention. In total, 1.5 million civilians died in conflict in South Sudan between 1983 and 1998. It should be noted that in Sudan, as in Tunisia, there are a number of religiously oriented parties and companies that can occupy the political space, clear the Islamists, and a centre-right party that operated under the previous parliamentary system in Sudan. Unfortunately, the Islamist opposition to Sudan has its roots in the civil war of the late 1990 "s and early 2000" s.
What Sudan and South Sudan are today should be understood in the context of their historical roots, after the imperialist interference of Britain and Egypt.
From 1983 to 2005, South Sudan's armed forces participated in the second civil war and had a troubled alliance with Khartoum.
In response, rebels in South Sudan formed the Southern People's Liberation Army (SPLA), led by John Garang, to fight the central government in Khartoum. A peace plan was agreed in 1988 that called on Egypt and Libya to supply arms to the Khartoum government, but the internal conflict between north and south continued and the government launched an offensive that cut off aid from the south to Kenya and Uganda, causing thousands of Sudanese to flee the country. The Sudan People's Liberation Movement continued to fight for independence, and the SPLM-N disintegrated into two separate armed groups, the Sudan National Liberation Front (NNL) and the Sudan Liberation Forces (SLF), which fought government troops to gain independence for the two remaining southern states in Sudan. A peace agreement was reached in 2011 between the Sudanese government and its southern allies, but internal conflicts between the north and south continue.
On 20 October 2004, the AU decided to send a special mission to Sudan to monitor ceasefire agreements, to protect the delivery of humanitarian aid and to protect internally displaced persons and to assist the Sudanese police in maintaining law and order. After his visit to Sudan, Prime Minister Abiy returned to Ethiopia with a list of 100 female victims of trafficking who were on their way to other countries in Sudan.
A peace initiative in Sudan was pursued by Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), but had little impact and little attention. These include the alleged ethnic cleansing that has killed more than 600,000 people since 2016, many of whom live in camps in Chad, South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Dr. John Garang signed a final comprehensive peace agreement in Khartoum with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and the Democratic Union Party (DPP). Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir and IGAD Secretary General Dr. Salva Kiir in calculating the costs and benefits of finding a solution to the crisis in Darfur.