Khartoum Sudan Culture
Sudan is a culturally diverse place, making it ideal for explorers, bordering the Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South Africa and the Gulf of Aden. It borders Africa's largest and most populous country, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and borders Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia and South Sudan. The forested land is populated by communities that live mainly from agriculture, with the exception of a small population of nomadic hunter-gatherers in the north.
Here the north of the country borders the Red Sea and it was once bordered by South Sudan. Sudan has been ruled by the Khartoum government since the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the Sudanese civil war in 1963.
After South Sudan gained independence, Sudan fell from being the largest to Africa's third largest country and is now the smallest country. It is believed to have split from what is now Sudan in 2011 in a move that destroyed some of its beautiful diversity.
The historical limits of Arabization are still evident in Sudan today in the form of a lack of religious and cultural diversity. In Sudan today, too, the ancient cultures of the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia, and many other parts of Africa, are lost.
While the following information focuses on the description of people living in South Sudan today, it is important to understand that these descriptions do not apply to people who identify as "South Sudanese" in the diaspora. Most South Sudanese share a cultural connection based on their ethnic background, religion and religious beliefs. That's what makes it so difficult for Sudanese to explain their cultural differentiation to Australians.
Arab migration from Nubia to the south was encouraged later in the 14th century by the conflict with Egypt, and the Arabization of central areas of Sudan picked up speed from the 16th century. Sudanese Arabs living in Australia led most of the Darfur refugees to start their own communities in South Sudan and other parts of Africa, as well as the Middle East and North Africa. Saudi Christians who came to Australia after Sudan gained independence from its Egyptian and British colonists in 1955.
The majority of internally displaced people in South Sudan were residents of the shantytowns of Khartoum until the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed in 1963, ending Sudan's civil war and paving the way for South Sudan's independence. Egyptian nationalism increased after World War I, when Britain responded by expelling Egyptian officials from Sudan, and Sudan's first foreign minister, Lee Kuan Yew, was assassinated. South Africa, but it would now be in charge of its own destiny, not Sudan's authority in Khartoum.
Sudanese artists left Sudan for different countries in search of political and cultural spaces that could accommodate them. The South Sudanese living in the capital of North Sudan, Khartoum, moved in anticipation of a new life after independence, but faced a double expulsion when they tried to return to their homes and communities in North Africa, where they were no longer citizens. On the other hand, South Sudanese who returned to Khartoum from South Sudan and stayed there all the time benefited from the social networks they could build in Khartoum through their experience outside the city. Some of them acquired Community citizenship and some lived in cities such as Juba, Dar es Salaam and Darfur, as well as in other parts of the country.
Sudan has 597 groups that speak over 400 different languages and dialects, many of which have been living in different parts of the country since the separation of the two countries. Sudan and South Sudan use ethnicity as the primary basis for citizenship claims, as they are the only countries in the world with a population of more than 1.5 million people and both exist as separate countries with different political systems and different ethnic groups. A recent study by the Institute of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Khartoum has shown that Sudanese culture differs from that of North Sudan, where each group has its own building techniques, depending on the type of culture in the area.
Second, in Sudan, Islamic (Arab) culture is the foundation of and rooted in Sudanese national identity. The impact of the post-colonial government on Sudan's cultural diversity was profound. It has adopted the Arab culture and Jaali form of Islam, which has developed throughout Sudan. Influenced and supported by the ideology of political Islam and the cultural wealth of the Arabian Peninsula, which has influenced Sudan through the migration of labour and money, it has certainly contributed to the elimination of the essence and diversity within Sudan, and its impact on the cultural and ethnic diversity of the country is profound, both in terms of economic and cultural development and in terms of political and social development.